Nuts and Bolts What you need and how it works

Nuts and Bolts

What we can do for you
Equipped with the latest technology, the finest team of estimators, and a reliable staff of account managers, 84 International Division was created to service builders and developers around the globe.

A typical transaction
So where do you get started? The easiest way is to start with a phone call to one of our international account managers at
561-845-9223, or send us an e-mail.

At this point be prepared to give us an accurate description about the materials you'll need, including the approximate quantities, and the port of destination for your product. You will receive a material quote which will include delivery per your instructions. Most often the quote will include the following Incoterms.

CIF - Cost, Insurance, Freight (named port of destination) Seller must pay the costs and freight to bring the goods to the port of destination. The seller must procure and pay for the insurance. Maritime transport only.

EXW - Ex Works
The seller makes the goods available at its premises. This term places the maximum obligation on the buyer and minimum obligations on the seller.

FAS - Free Alongside Ship (named port of shipment) The seller must place the goods alongside the ship at the named port. The seller must clear the goods for export. This term is typically used for heavy-lift or bulk cargo.

FOB - Free On Board
The seller must load themselves the goods on board the vessel nominated by the buyer. Cost and risk are divided when the goods are actually on board of the vessel. The seller must clear the goods for export.

Export documentation
Here is a brief overview of some of the forms you're likely to run across during a typical export transaction.

Airway Bill
Air freight shipments require Airway bills, which can never be made in negotiable form Airway bills are shipper-specific.

Bill of Lading
A contract between the owner of the goods and the carrier (as with domestic shipments). For vessels, there are two types: a straight bill of lading, which is non-negotiable, and a negotiable or shipper's order bill of lading. The latter can be bought, sold, or traded while the goods are in transit. The customer usually needs an original as proof of ownership to take possession of the goods.

Certificate of Origin
The Certificate of Origin (CO) is required by some countries for all or only certain products. In many cases, a statement of origin printed on company letterhead will suffice. The exporter should verify whether a CO is required with the buyer and/or an experienced shipper/freight forwarder or the Trade Information center.

Commercial Invoice
A bill for the goods from the seller to the buyer. These invoices are often used by governments to determine the true value of goods when assessing customs duties. Governments that use the commercial invoice to control imports will often specify its form, content, number of copies, language to be used, and other characteristics.

Export Packing List
Considerably more detailed and informative than a standard domestic packing list, it lists seller, buyer, shipper, invoice number, date of shipment, mode of transport, carrier, and itemizes quantity, description, the type of package, such as a box, crate, drum, or carton, the quantity of packages, total net and gross weight (in kilograms), package marks, and dimensions, if appropriate. Both commercial stationers and freight forwarders carry packing list forms. A packing list may serve as conforming document. It is not a substitute for a commercial invoice.

Incoterms are 13 standardized definitions of commonly used shipping and trade terms that cover control of goods and financial responsibilities such as payment of cargo insurance and freight. Incoterms provide traders with a common set of rules outlining each party's obligations, thus reducing misunderstandings.

Here is a brief description of incoterms:

Departure EXW: EX Works
Main carriage not
paid by seller
FCA: Free Carrier
FAS: Free Alongside
Ship FOB: Free On Board
Main carriage paid
by seller
CFR: Cost and Freight
CIF: Cost, Insurance and Freight
CPT: Carriage Paid To
CIP: Carriage and Insurance Paid to
Arrival DAF: Delivered At Frontier
DES: Delivered Ex Ship
DEQ: Delivered Ex Quay
DDU: Delivered Duty Unpaid
DDP: Delivered Duty Paid

View Incoterms Responsiblity Chart